In Kidney Disease (renal failure) in cats and dogs, a large amount of kidney function can be lost before your pet shows any outward signs, and before even a blood test is able to pick it up. Once kidney function has been lost, it cannot be replaced – it is gone forever. The earlier that we can detect kidney disease, the earlier that we are able to act to protect the kidney function that remains and hopefully give your pet a longer and healthier life.

Traditional kidney blood tests rely upon creatinine increasing. Creatinine only starts to increase when 75% of kidney function has been lost – that means that effectively only half of one kidney is still working when it is first possible to find the disease using creatinine!!!!!

SDMA is a biomarker that we can test that allows us to find kidney disease earlier. SDMA increases when 40% of kidney function has been lost – so much earlier than creatinine. At this stage we have more kidney to protect and hopefully more success with our treatment.

For the month of November, we are able to offer SDMA and creatinine testing for just $10 (usual price $50) when blood is taken during a consultation. If your pet is due for vaccination or you have other concerns, why not ask if testing for SDMA would be appropriate for your animal?

  • Worm twice, ten to fourteen days apart, to stop the cycle of worm infestation.
  • Feed puppy/kitten food for the first year of life.
  • Neuter/Spey at six months old.
  • Microchip pups at 3 months
  • Vaccinate twice at eight and twelve weeks of age.
  • Socialise with humans as soon as possible, dogs after vaccination.
  • Register dogs with council at three months old.

Excess drinking, more than 100mls per kilogram of bodyweight, may be the beginning of a number of internal problems. These range from diabetes, kidney failure to liver disease. Blood tests are the best way to find out about these problems.

Sometimes pets with good, clean teethe may eat something that gives them bad breath. Compare this to people who eat garlic and their breath smells the next day. However, it may also mean there are bad teeth, gingivitis or other mouth disease.
An examination by a veterinarian is recommended which may include blood tests.

Although worms may cause this it is far more likely that the anal glands are blocked.
Occasionally, it may be that the glands have abscessed or a growth is present. These smelly glands are located right on the anus and are emptied when the dog passes a motion. If affected, they are very sensitive and irritate the dog. Your vet can rectify this problem easily.

This is a painful condition of a joint, or joints, on a cat or dog. Sometimes hereditary, it can also be caused through over use, overweight, trauma or just plan wear and tear. There are several good methods of treatment, depending on the cause and the affected joints, although a cure is not always possible. X rays help decide the severity and the treatment of the condition.

Without doubt, the most common cause of lameness in cats is the result of a bite from fighting. These bites quickly turn into abscesses and need drainage and antibiotics. Cats do suffer from arthritis but not as often as dogs.

Both cats and dogs have diseases which, in the past, have killed large numbers of pets. We don’t have the big outbreaks of cat flu and distemper, hepatitis or parvo of yesteryear because of the high proportion of pets that are now vaccinated. However, these diseases do still kill our pets. The logical thing is to vaccinate as recommended by your veterinarian. Dogs are vaccinated against distemper, hepatitis, parvo and kennel cough. Cats are vaccinated against feline enteritis (cat flu) and snuffles. Other vaccines such as leptospirosis, FIV and leukaemia are available.

Cats and dogs both have worms. These can only breed in animals but do occasionally affect people. Dogs have four types of worms (round, hook, whip and tapeworm). It is important to wash your hands between handling pets and eating food, especially if you have a puppy or kitten. These are the most likely to be carrying worms. The wormer you use should treat all worm types for each animal type. Fleas and feeding rabbit or hare meat are among the common ways pets get tapeworms.

There are many specialty feeds for pets. Each is made for a specific purpose ranging from diseases such as arthritis or kidney failure to weight loss or growth in young animals. Puppy or kitten foods have all the ingredients needed for growth. Bone growth and extra energy requirements are all provided including calcium and other minerals, in the correct proportions, to ensure strong bone development. In the past, rickets was a large problem in puppies and kittens. With the development of correctly proportioned foods, we rarely see this calcium deficient disease.